Sunset Zones: 2-10 and 12-24
USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-10
Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
pH Range: Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline
Soil: Can handle swampy soil whether clay, loam, or sand.
Drought Tolerance: Can handle drought, but needs to be established when doing so.
Growth Rate: 24” to 36” per year
Growth Habit: Conical
Evergreen or Deciduous: Deciduous; One of the few deciduous conifers.
Longevity: 50 to 150 years
Litter Issue: Dry small cones
Pests and Diseases: Resistant to Armillaria. Susceptible to Beetle Borers and Beetle Leaves, Phytophthora and Root Rot.
Branch Strength: Medium Strong
Root Damage Potential: Moderate
Suckering Potential: Low
Special Care: Assuring your soil is not too alkaline, or amending your soil if it is will go a long way in a healthy tree.
Pruning Advice: Generally they do not need regular pruning.
Watering Advice: Water can be given in large amounts frequently, or a bit more sparse. Keeping the tree in a lake or swamp-like situation helps to develop the tree’s “knees” or the large buttressing trunk.
Staking: Staking not necessary
Fertilizer: Acidic fertilizer will be best for these trees in the High Desert due to generally alkaline soil situations